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What is the difference between Whole-meal, Whole-grain, and Whole-wheat flours?

Whole-meal, whole-grain, and whole wheat refer to flours made with the wheat berry.

 

Whole-meal Flour

Whole-meal flour is made of entire wheat berry. This is a common term used in UK and India.

 

Whole-grain Flour

Whole-grain is whole-meal flour, where the meal is the entire grain (bran, endosperm, and germ) milled to make the flour. The grains include cereals such as wheat, rice, oats, barley, corn, wild rice, and rye. The grains also include pseudo-cereals such as quinoa and buckwheat.

Whole-Grain is a common term used in USA

 

Whole-wheat Flour

The bran, endosperm, and germ are separated and milled. These parts are combined back to form the type of needed flour such as whole-wheat, whole-grain, All-purpose etcetera. To make the whole-grain flour all the parts are added back together, To make the whole-wheat flour, part of bran and most of the germ may not be added back to reduce rancidity for increased shelf life. Other flours such as Rye may be added for strength.

100% whole-wheat flour is NOT whole-grain flour. It only means that no other than wheat are used to produce flour

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