Flat Breads 101 Indian Cuisine
Traditionally, the bread is made fresh with each meal. The breads are flat. The most common flour used to make dough is Wheat flour.
There are many different varieties of flat breads. Many of the varieties are described on What are Indian Flat Breads?
Roti Chapati Phulka
The most common bread made in Indian home is called Roti, Chapati or a Phulka How to make Roti Chapati Phulka? The dough has no yeast, or baking soda. The dough is made of Whole wheat flour About Wheat . In Rajasthan millet flour is used Millet Varieties. Aurangzeb loved his Roti made of Bajra (Pearl Millet). In Punjab, Roti made with corn flour is served with Mustard greens during Spring season. How to make Gluten free breads (Roti)
The most common bread served in the restaurant is Naan. The dough is made of whole wheat flour. It may also include eggs, yeast, and baking soda. It is baked in a mud clay oven called Tandoor. You can bake Naan in a traditional oven at home How to Bake Naan?.
Paratha is a breakfast bread in Punjab. It is a rich bread and served occasionally. The dough is made of Whole wheat flour About Wheat. It is leavened with Ghee. The dough is rolled out in many different fashions to make it layered. Some times, a layer or vegetables or meat is introduced. The bread is basted on both sides with Ghee and fried on hot flat griddle.
Paratha - How to make Paratha (Pratha)?
Paratha Folding Method - Spiral Kundali
Paratha Folding Method - Layered Triangular
Paratha Folding Method - Layered Square
Paratha Stuffing Modern Method
Paratha Stuffing Traditional Method
This is common bread served on social and religious events. The dough is made of Whole wheat flour About Wheat. The dough has no yeast, or baking soda. The bread is fried in hot Ghee in a Karahi (Indian wok). A skimmer is used to remove the bread from hot ghee or oil.